Motions to certify class actions have long since become one of the most prevalent challenges facing private and public companies providing services to the public. Empirical studies show a gradual and nearly steady rise in the number of motions to certify class actions being filed since the Israeli Class Actions Law was enacted in 2006 and to date. If initially, a few dozen motions were filed annually, today, hundreds and even thousands of such motions are filed each year with the various courts, which imposes a heavy burden on the courts and on the parties being sued.
With the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States government enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act. The volume of assistance, totalling USD 2.8 trillion, provided financial aid to individuals and organizations facing economic hardship and access to loans with convenient terms for the purpose of paying salaries and other specific expenses under a program called the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). Many Israeli companies operating in the United States also submitted applications for grants and loans under the PPP. The initiative, while commendable, also opened the door for those seeking to exploit the government assistance to commit fraud and deceit.
In the regular corporate world, the capital structure of a company usually means the ratio between the company’s equity (money the company’s owners invested in it) and debt capital (external funding injected into the company by banks and other loans). For technology companies, however, the term “capital structure” usually refers to the division of the company’s ownership among the entrepreneurs and investors subsequent to the investment rounds in the company. Thus, holding 50 shares of a “regular” company that has 1,000 issued shares represents ownership of 5% of the company’s shares and entitlement to receive 5% of its distributable profits. However, if you hold 50 shares of a tech startup company that has 1,000 issued shares, this does not necessarily mean you are entitled to receive 5% of the proceeds in the event of an “exit” and the startup’s sale to a third party. Over the years, investors and entrepreneurs in startup companies have developed ownership structures that bear no resemblance to the ownership formula used in “regular” companies.
By October, companies in the European Union employing at least 50 employees will be required to operate an internal reporting system for reporting misconduct that may indicate compliance violations. Furthermore, all companies in the EU, regardless of size, will be required to ensure the protection of whistleblowers from all types of retaliation. The EU Whistleblower Protection Directive originally came into force in October 2019. It gave EU member states two years to prepare to incorporate the directive into their national legislation. Prior to the enactment of the directive, no uniform binding legislation applied to all EU member states and only 10 member states had enacted national legislation in this regard. The upcoming inception of national whistleblower protection laws throughout the EU will naturally trigger a ripple effect.
In 2020, clean energy companies led over 25% of all IPOs in Israel. With such monetary amounts being raised on the TASE, many clean energy entrepreneurs have turned their eyes to foreign markets to develop and expand their industry, especially in Europe and the United States. Here are seven tips for Israeli companies who wish to plan their entry into new energy markets overseas.
Startups: How Much Is Your Invention Worth
May 23, 2021
May 23, 2021
Licensing agreements are the cornerstones of technology companies based on intellectual property. A licensing agreement is a legal contract between two parties, known as the licensor and the licensee. The licensor provides the licensee a right to use and a limited license, while the licensee accepts a series of conditions related to use of the product and payment for such use.
The cornerstone of a successful hedge fund is a successful investment strategy. That is self-evident. However, if the managers of the potential hedge fund are not successful in raising capital, this potential will never be tested or realized. We list below the five key points we believe hedge fund managers should take into account when raising capital for their funds.
2021: Trends in Regulatory Compliance and Risk Management
April 25, 2021
April 25, 2021
2020 was a particularly challenging year due to the coronavirus pandemic. For corporate risk managers and compliance officers, the year posed additional challenges. Organizations had to contend with an alarming rise in cyberattacks, supply chain constraints, employee health and safety, corporate governance and compliance, and diverse risks relating to or deriving from various content worlds. Nevertheless, if 2020 has taught us anything, it is that risks to a corporation, regardless of their source, are intertwined.
Five Things You Didn’t Know about Impact Investing
April 11, 2021
April 11, 2021
In the last decade, impact investments have become an international trend to address global challenges in the areas of environment, welfare, health, employment, and education. In light of the development of the impact investments’ field, we recommend familiarizing yourself with several terms that may help when examining investments in general and impact investments in particular.